Next

About Russia

Europe

Russia (Russian: Росси́я, tr. Rossiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijə]), also officially known as the Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федерaция, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə fʲɪdʲɪˈratsɨjə]), is a sovereign country in Eurasia. At 17,125,200 square kilometres (6,612,100 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people at the end of December 2017 (excluding Crimea) . About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's [read more]

Russia (Russian: Росси́я, tr. Rossiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijə]), also officially known as the Russian Federation (Russian: Росси́йская Федерaция, tr. Rossiyskaya Federatsiya, IPA: [rɐˈsʲijskəjə fʲɪdʲɪˈratsɨjə]), is a sovereign country in Eurasia. At 17,125,200 square kilometres (6,612,100 sq mi), Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people at the end of December 2017 (excluding Crimea) . About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major urban centers include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, as well as a member of the G20, the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. [read less]

Discover Destination Deals

Flights to Yakutsk Flights to Khabarovsk Flights to Petropavlovsk Flights to Yuzhno-sakhalinsk Flights to Vladivostok Flights to Chita Flights to Bratsk Flights to Irkutsk Flights to Ulan-ude Flights to St. Petersburg Flights to Murmansk Flights to Kaliningrad Flights to Barnaul Flights to Kemorovo Flights to Omsk Flights to Krasnodar Flights to Mineralnye Vody Flights to Stavropol Flights to Rostov Flights to Sochi Flights to Astrakhan Flights to Volgograd Flights to Chelyabinsk Flights to Magnetiogorsk Flights to Nizhnevartovsk Flights to Perm Flights to Surgut Flights to Yekaterinburg Flights to Moscow Flights to Voronezh Flights to Syktyvkar Flights to Kazan Flights to Orenburg Flights to Ufa Flights to Novosibirsk Flights to Samara Flights to Nizhniy Novgorod Flights to Tomsk Flights to Norilsk Flights to Arkhangelsk Flights to Saratov Flights to Novy Urengoy Flights to Ukhta Flights to Usinsk Flights to Naryan-Mar Flights to Kogalym Flights to Krasnoyarsk Flights to Uraj Flights to Ivanovo Flights to Anadyr Flights to Petrozavodsk Flights to Novokuznetsk Flights to Grozny Flights to Nalchik Flights to Elista Flights to Salekhard Flights to Sovetskiy Flights to Izhevsk Flights to Kirov Flights to Nadym Flights to Kurgan Flights to Rybinsk Flights to Belgorod Flights to Kursk Flights to Vorkuta Flights to Bugulma Flights to Ulyanovsk Flights to Saransk Flights to Balakovo Flights to Nazran Flights to Tambow Flights to Yaroslavl Flights to Apatity Flights to Nizhnekamsk Flights to Gelendzik Flights to Kostroma Flights to Kineshma Flights to Nezhitino Flights to Tula Flights to Beloyarsky Flights to Gorno-Altaysk
Call Us